Basic Statistics:

  • Population- 85,000,000 people
  • Per capita income- $870
  • Life expectancy at birth (women/men)- 57/54 years
  • Top Cause of Death- Lower Respiratory Infection


Two percent of the population is dependent on subsistence agriculture. They have high rainfall and a predictable climate. Unfortunately, overgrazing and poor agricultural practices have led to erosion.

Government: Federal Parliamentary Republic

The Government has two plans in place: the 5 Year Growth and Transformation Plan for national food security and Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP) for safety. The Government is also working on soil conservation and afforestation programs to stop erosion of fertile lands for growing purposes.

Feed the Future Emphasis:

Focuses on agricultural growth, food security and regulatory environment and private sector for economic growth. They are emphasizing the cultivation of maize, wheat, coffee, sesame, chickpeas, honey, livestock and dairy.


Coffee is the main source of income for Agriculture. However, the country also produces: teff cereal, corn, barley, sorghum, wheat, millet, peas, beans, lentils, oilseeds, sugarcane and cotton.